Arduino (IoT): Simple Tutorial TFT Pantalla 1.8″

Arduino Honduras Santiapps Marcio Valenzuela

Tutorial TFT 1.8″

Ver graficas y escribir o dibujar en una pantalla tft.

Requisitos:

  1. Computadora (mac)
  2. Arduino MEGA (u otra variante Arduino) o incluso Arduino clone, Edison, Raspberry…  Este tutorial en particular usa una Arduino UNO.
  3. MicroSD
  4. 1.8″ TFT
  5. Breadboard
  6. Arduino IDE (https://www.arduino.cc/en/Main/Software)

El código lo bajamos aquí:

Documents/Arduino/Adafruit-ST7735-Library-Master

Las conexiones son:

Shield——————–UNO

SCK – 13

DI –

DO – 11

TCS – 10

Reset(9) – 9

DC – 8

Es importante set los pines en codigo correctamente:

[code]
/***************************************************
ADAFRUIT
****************************************************/
#include <Adafruit_GFX.h> // Core graphics library
#include <Adafruit_ST7735.h> // Hardware-specific library
#include <SPI.h>
// For the breakout, you can use any 2 or 3 pins
// These pins will also work for the 1.8" TFT shield
#define TFT_CS 10
#define TFT_RST 9 // you can also connect this to the Arduino reset
// in which case, set this #define pin to 0!
#define TFT_DC 8
Adafruit_ST7735 tft = Adafruit_ST7735(TFT_CS, TFT_DC, TFT_RST);
float p = 3.1415926;
void setup(void) {
Serial.begin(9600);
Serial.print("Hello! ST7735 TFT Test");
// Use this initializer if you’re using a 1.8" TFT
tft.initR(INITR_GREENTAB); // initialize a ST7735S chip, green tab
// Use this initializer (uncomment) if you’re using a 1.44" TFT
//tft.initR(INITR_144GREENTAB); // initialize a ST7735S chip, black tab
Serial.println("Initialized");
uint16_t time = millis();
tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
time = millis() – time;
Serial.println(time, DEC);
delay(500);
// large block of text
tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
testdrawtext("ArduinoHonduras tiene todo el Arduino que necesito! ", ST7735_WHITE);
delay(1000);
// tft print function!
tftPrintTest();
delay(4000);
// a single pixel
tft.drawPixel(tft.width()/2, tft.height()/2, ST7735_GREEN);
delay(500);
// line draw test
testlines(ST7735_YELLOW);
delay(500);
// optimized lines
testfastlines(ST7735_RED, ST7735_BLUE);
delay(500);
testdrawrects(ST7735_GREEN);
delay(500);
testfillrects(ST7735_YELLOW, ST7735_MAGENTA);
delay(500);
tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
testfillcircles(10, ST7735_BLUE);
testdrawcircles(10, ST7735_WHITE);
delay(500);
testroundrects();
delay(500);
testtriangles();
delay(500);
mediabuttons();
delay(500);
Serial.println("done");
delay(1000);
}
void loop() {
tft.invertDisplay(true);
delay(500);
tft.invertDisplay(false);
delay(500);
}
void testlines(uint16_t color) {
tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
for (int16_t x=0; x &lt; tft.width(); x+=6) {
tft.drawLine(0, 0, x, tft.height()-1, color);
}
for (int16_t y=0; y &lt; tft.height(); y+=6) {
tft.drawLine(0, 0, tft.width()-1, y, color);
}
tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
for (int16_t x=0; x &lt; tft.width(); x+=6) {
tft.drawLine(tft.width()-1, 0, x, tft.height()-1, color);
}
for (int16_t y=0; y &lt; tft.height(); y+=6) {
tft.drawLine(tft.width()-1, 0, 0, y, color);
}
tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
for (int16_t x=0; x &lt; tft.width(); x+=6) {
tft.drawLine(0, tft.height()-1, x, 0, color);
}
for (int16_t y=0; y &lt; tft.height(); y+=6) {
tft.drawLine(0, tft.height()-1, tft.width()-1, y, color);
}
tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
for (int16_t x=0; x &lt; tft.width(); x+=6) {
tft.drawLine(tft.width()-1, tft.height()-1, x, 0, color);
}
for (int16_t y=0; y &lt; tft.height(); y+=6) {
tft.drawLine(tft.width()-1, tft.height()-1, 0, y, color);
}
}
void testdrawtext(char *text, uint16_t color) {
tft.setCursor(0, 0);
tft.setTextColor(color);
tft.setTextWrap(true);
tft.print(text);
}
void testfastlines(uint16_t color1, uint16_t color2) {
tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
for (int16_t y=0; y &lt; tft.height(); y+=5) {
tft.drawFastHLine(0, y, tft.width(), color1);
}
for (int16_t x=0; x &lt; tft.width(); x+=5) {
tft.drawFastVLine(x, 0, tft.height(), color2);
}
}
void testdrawrects(uint16_t color) {
tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
for (int16_t x=0; x &lt; tft.width(); x+=6) {
tft.drawRect(tft.width()/2 -x/2, tft.height()/2 -x/2 , x, x, color);
}
}
void testfillrects(uint16_t color1, uint16_t color2) {
tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
for (int16_t x=tft.width()-1; x &gt; 6; x-=6) {
tft.fillRect(tft.width()/2 -x/2, tft.height()/2 -x/2 , x, x, color1);
tft.drawRect(tft.width()/2 -x/2, tft.height()/2 -x/2 , x, x, color2);
}
}
void testfillcircles(uint8_t radius, uint16_t color) {
for (int16_t x=radius; x &lt; tft.width(); x+=radius*2) {
for (int16_t y=radius; y &lt; tft.height(); y+=radius*2) {
tft.fillCircle(x, y, radius, color);
}
}
}
void testdrawcircles(uint8_t radius, uint16_t color) {
for (int16_t x=0; x &lt; tft.width()+radius; x+=radius*2) {
for (int16_t y=0; y &lt; tft.height()+radius; y+=radius*2) {
tft.drawCircle(x, y, radius, color);
}
}
}
void testtriangles() {
tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
int color = 0xF800;
int t;
int w = tft.width()/2;
int x = tft.height()-1;
int y = 0;
int z = tft.width();
for(t = 0 ; t &lt;= 15; t+=1) {
tft.drawTriangle(w, y, y, x, z, x, color);
x-=4;
y+=4;
z-=4;
color+=100;
}
}
void testroundrects() {
tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
int color = 100;
int i;
int t;
for(t = 0 ; t &lt;= 4; t+=1) {
int x = 0;
int y = 0;
int w = tft.width()-2;
int h = tft.height()-2;
for(i = 0 ; i &lt;= 16; i+=1) {
tft.drawRoundRect(x, y, w, h, 5, color);
x+=2;
y+=3;
w-=4;
h-=6;
color+=1100;
}
color+=100;
}
}
void tftPrintTest() {
tft.setTextWrap(false);
tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
tft.setCursor(0, 30);
tft.setTextColor(ST7735_RED);
tft.setTextSize(1);
tft.println("Hello World!");
tft.setTextColor(ST7735_YELLOW);
tft.setTextSize(2);
tft.println("Hello World!");
tft.setTextColor(ST7735_GREEN);
tft.setTextSize(3);
tft.println("Hello World!");
tft.setTextColor(ST7735_BLUE);
tft.setTextSize(4);
tft.print(1234.567);
delay(1500);
tft.setCursor(0, 0);
tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
tft.setTextColor(ST7735_WHITE);
tft.setTextSize(0);
tft.println("Hello World!");
tft.setTextSize(1);
tft.setTextColor(ST7735_GREEN);
tft.print(p, 6);
tft.println(" Want pi?");
tft.println(" ");
tft.print(8675309, HEX); // print 8,675,309 out in HEX!
tft.println(" Print HEX!");
tft.println(" ");
tft.setTextColor(ST7735_WHITE);
tft.println("Sketch has been");
tft.println("running for: ");
tft.setTextColor(ST7735_MAGENTA);
tft.print(millis() / 1000);
tft.setTextColor(ST7735_WHITE);
tft.print(" seconds.");
}
void mediabuttons() {
// play
tft.fillScreen(ST7735_BLACK);
tft.fillRoundRect(25, 10, 78, 60, 8, ST7735_WHITE);
tft.fillTriangle(42, 20, 42, 60, 90, 40, ST7735_RED);
delay(500);
// pause
tft.fillRoundRect(25, 90, 78, 60, 8, ST7735_WHITE);
tft.fillRoundRect(39, 98, 20, 45, 5, ST7735_GREEN);
tft.fillRoundRect(69, 98, 20, 45, 5, ST7735_GREEN);
delay(500);
// play color
tft.fillTriangle(42, 20, 42, 60, 90, 40, ST7735_BLUE);
delay(50);
// pause color
tft.fillRoundRect(39, 98, 20, 45, 5, ST7735_RED);
tft.fillRoundRect(69, 98, 20, 45, 5, ST7735_RED);
// play color
tft.fillTriangle(42, 20, 42, 60, 90, 40, ST7735_GREEN);
}
[/code]

Ese proyecto se puede ver aquí:

 

Cool!  Podemos ver datos en una pantalla, usar menus, movernos en la pantalla, seleccionar y almacenar datos.  Si les interesa aprender que mas se puede hacer con una pantalla sencilla como esta, vean este blogpost de Flappy Bird and Arduino:

Arduino IoT Simple Tutorial Flappy Bird 1.8" TFT ST7735 Santiapps Marcio Valenzuela
Arduino IoT Simple Tutorial Flappy Bird 1.8″ TFT ST7735

http://www.mrt-prodz.com/blog/view/2015/03/flappy-bird-clone-on-the-atmega328-arduino-uno

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